Lets assume you don’t deal with drugs, you don’t indulge in an online scam and the government is not after you but you just want to protect the anonymity of your IP address, Alas! Tor is the best tool for you.
What is tor ?
Tor is free software and an open network that helps you defend against traffic analysis, a form of network surveillance that threatens personal freedom and privacy, confidential business activities and relationships, and state security.
Why Tor ?
It protects your privacy from unscrupulous marketers and identity thieves
It protects your communications from irresponsible corporations.
It protectyour children online
It research sensitive topics.
It skirt surveillance.
It circumvent censorship.
Explained by Kevin Mittnick.(The Art Of Invisibilty)Author.
Its called the onion router. Entering the tor network it will pass a message to another Tor node till it gets to the exit node. And its designed in such away that is extremely difficult to track back the user. Like i trust know one(we have so many cases- ROSS ULBRICHT convicted for running silk road) This doesn’t encrypt your information but it will just hide your Ip address that tied you to you Internet Provider.
Using the web has different protocols,
HTTP = its in the clear while
HTTPS = is using the secured socket layer(SSL) meaning it will create a tunnel between your computer and the server.
It passes your information in an encrypted tunnel so as nobody can see inside.it protects the transport and communication of your activity on the internet. And if you install an extension of HTTPS EVERYWHERE depending on your browser, What it does, it forces your browser to go to the SSL version of the site. Cause a lot of site supports both the encrypted and non-encrypted version, this forces you to use the encrypted version, so your transport is kept confidential.
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Sources : kevin mitnick The Tor Project.